One of the Humane Society’s major campaigns is the regulation and abolition of puppy mills, which are factory-like dog-breeding operations. Breeding dogs in puppy mills are caged most of the time, and often live in squalid conditions. This not only damages the health of the adult dogs, but also leads to sickness in the puppies.
While these operations are not currently illegal, the Humane Society engages in advocacy to improve the conditions in breeding facilities and create new regulations regarding their operations. The Humane Society also campaigns for legislation to outlaw imports from foreign puppy mills, in order to discourage the practice abroad. The organization’s efforts have led to stricter legislation regarding domestic animal breeding in several states.